Canclini Culturas Hibridas prologo. 10 Pages. Canclini Culturas Hibridas prologo . Uploaded by. Iván García. Download with Google Download with Facebook. How do we speak of modernity?’ That is the question that García Canclini asks at the beginning of his book, Culturas Híbridas: estrategias’para entrar y salir de. Culturas Hibridas by Nestor Garcia Canclini. ( ratings). Paperback Book, pages. Description: The essays in this book address the latest topics and.
Let me simply quote the sentence that concludes her discussion of this statue: This representation of the national patrimony over-looks the hybrid forms assumed canclink traditional ethnic groups when they cancljni into contact with capitalist socioeconomic and cultural development’.
Hybridity is a botanical metaphor closely linked therefore to the notion of culture as cultivation, but it has some of the same problems as mestizaje. Whether this adds up to cultuars more democratic culture is another matter, given that ‘there is still inequality in the appropriation of symbolic goods and in access to cultural innovation’. In the United States, hybridity is often a staging of the exotic in order to display a pluralistic happy family, although, as everyone knows, the space between the ghetto and the melting pot is occupied only by baseball stars, media personalities and best-selling authors.
But it is only the latter that undo the power of the centre.
Cancini the weak sense and since there have always been plunderings, borrowings and intertextuality, the task of the critic seems to be confined to the accumulation of evidence of new hybrids. One of the women, dressed in a huipil and a long skirt, kneels in the foreground, apparently tending an open fire. Indeed the discussions of theories of modernity and postmodernity which are reproduced here only strengthen the impression that these words are mere props that only disguise a rather old problem – that of Latin American difference.
This vocabulary has the advantage of demystifying culture and tearing it away from the romantic notion of creation; the disadvantage is that the economic metaphor makes it impossible to broach the problem of subjectivity.
In Latin America, the staging of difference is perfectly compatible with culutras into the global system. Jean Franco Publicado en: Perhaps the central theme of cultural policies today is how to build societies with democratic projects shared by everybody without making everyone the same, societies in which dispersal is transformed into diversity and the inequalities between classes, ethnic and other groups are reduced to differences’.
Let me mention one example of an analysis into which gender might have appropriately been introduced. Gender is not a woman’s problem but an essential category of analysis. When one looks at this photograph, it is precisely the difference between Woman and women that is on display, the public sanctification cultuas formally private life which feminists have made a matter of public debate, emphasizing that abortion is not only a ‘woman’s question’.
Francis Barkeretal Colchester, Essex, vol. The omission of problems of subjectivity and enunciation limit the interdisciplinary potential of this book.
File:Canclini Nestor Garcia Culturas – Monoskop
The nation publicly sanctified motherhood; the women’s movement is now forced to make public what the placid face of motherhood conceals – the death toll of illegal abortions which is often the only form of contraception available to poo’r women. The industrial analogy is not intended to be frivolous. And not only must he make notes but he must also make sense: One contemporary recodification of gender is, indeed, graphically represented by a photograph of a group of feminists standing in front of the statue of Mexican Motherhood.
On the second floor the Museum offers scenes of contemporary life, represented almost entirely by life size models of indigenous groups or photographs of the indigenous. The subjectivities constituted in this new world order are gendered and mobile.
The display of religious objects is monumental in contrast to the miniaturization of the reproduction of a market scene that is just behind the Sun Stone.
The archaeological exhibition is on the ground floor and represents the past. What then is the stake in ‘hybridity’? How does one study the millions of indigenous people and peasants who migrate to major cities or the workers who are incorporated into the industrial organization of work and consumption? Hence the significance of a question posed by Nelly Richard: What does a television producer or a market researcher understand by the popular?
The very idea of ‘modernity 7 expressed in the title seems awkward. But the scene surely also illustrates the breakdown of the old categories of public and private. Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection.
His Culturas populares en el capitalismo was a real breakthrough in that it described artisan production and fiestas not as survivals or degenerate remnants of a once authentic culture but as immensely variable relations to the market, to national culture and to local history.
How do we analyse those phenomena that are not covered by traditional categories of high or popular culture? This is evident from a photograph of the interior of the ethnology room of the Museum which shows a group of life-size figures representing an indigenous family Not only are indigenous groups made to seem ‘the axis of national culturae but they are also represented as traditional.
While there is nothing particularly startling in this observation, gendering is surely significant in this representation since it is the family that can best demonstrate the official view of the unchanging continuity of private life between the remote past and the present. How do we reconcile different disciplinary approaches to the question? Introducing gender into a discussion of the national patrimony might also have led to the question of how male and female have been significantly recoded by the media and private enterprise.
Hybridity-as-difference is too indiscriminate to ac-count for both the vernaculars of global culture and the anomalies culruras truly cause dissent within the happy family. Clearly the imperial thrust of the Natural History Museum is not to be equated with the national narrative of the Anthropological Museum although the articulation of gender in the narrative is equally important. Thus for instance Bal’s semiotic study points out that the nineteenth century statue of Queen Maya giving birth to the Buddha from her side, marks a transition between the exhibition of animals to that of foreign humans.
I cannot go into the details of her analysis. Finally the big question: The trouble with the old term mestizaje was that it suggested that culture sprang naturally out of copulation. The book found a way out of the cultuars dichotomies of tradition or modernity, artisan products or art. Beside her are two baskets filled with what looks like the leaves used for making tamales the details of the photograph are not clear.
As many critics have pointed out, however, Latin Hibrias culture has been produced by a mestizo population whose culture, though predominantly Hispanic and European, was shaped in contact with indigenous and African-American groups. By gender I do not mean women or making space for women. What is distinctive about Latin America now.
Criticas y reseñas
How do we study modernity? In its weaker sense, it might simply refer to the postmodern permission to use all repertoires without worrying about authenticity. For further discussion of monumentalism, see Susan Stewart:
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