: Propagandes () by Jacques Ellul and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great. Introduction. Jacque* EJluTs view of propaganda and his approach to the study Therefore. Ellul distinguishes various fonrts of propaganda and calls his book. 13 quotes from Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes: ‘To the extent that propaganda is based on current news, it cannot permit time for thought o.

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The individual does not mind being given preconceived positions because otherwise he would realize that he does not understand the oropagandes of the modern world. Sign in with Facebook Sign in options.

Doubleday, This propaganda reinforces the individual’s way of life and represents this way of life as best.

Bartlett held an accurate interpretation of the goal of propaganda as not merely as an instrument to increase political understanding of events, but to obtain results through action. Public Opinion and PropagandaCh 5.

Propagandes ; original French edition: Why Merton grew more hesitant to cite Ellul on technology less than two years after propaandes initial enthusiasm remains unclear. Massignon, a Frenchman like Ellul, was a Catholic mystic and scholar of Islam who also served as a mentor of sorts for Merton. It is remarkable how the various presuppositions and aspects of myths complement each other, support each other, mutually defend each other: As these people do not possess enough knowledge to reflect and discern, they believe—or disbelieve—in toto what they read.

Incidentally, there are also the undecided, people whose opinions are vague, who form the majority of citizens within the collective.


Propaganda is more threatening when it begins to be recognized as sociological as well psychological in nature. That summer as Merton prepared for a lecture to his novices on technology[7], he drew heavily from his original notes on The Technological Society compiled for the peacemakers retreat two years earlier.

In this setting, “the individual caught up in the mass”, the individual’s reactions are easier to provoke and psychic defenses are weakened. This is where propaganda comes into play and projects an artificial reality to the masses to satisfy their need to participate in government while the decisions are really made behind the scenes. Vertical propaganda is similar to direct propaganda that aims at the individual in the mass and is renewed constantly. Individuals without natural organic local groups are defenseless and more likely to be caught up in a social propagandew.

Ellul and Merton

The Political Economy of the Mass Media. The more stereotypes in a culture, the easier it is to form public opinion, and the more an individual participates in that culture, the propatandes susceptible he becomes to the manipulation of these symbols. When it arrived, Merton eagerly dove into the text. The fundamental ideologies are nationalismsocialismcommunismand democracy.

Propaganda Quotes by Jacques Ellul

What could be more striking, more distressing, more decisive than the splitting of the atom, apart from the bomb itself? And in so building it must always go in jacque same direction as society; it can only reinforce society.

Being that the people in charge can’t escape the people, bait must propagsndes presented to them. Propaganda thrives off of what individuals have in common with others to develop patterns of behavior and modify cultural opinions.


Ellul and Merton | | The International Jacques Ellul Society

All propaganda is based on a need, a dual need, first there is the need of state to make it and second there is the need of propagandee to receive it. The Formation of Men’s Attitudes builds on prior notions of propaganda to demonstrate that while rllul is psychological in nature it is just as much sociological in nature as well. Propaganda means nothing without preliminary information that provides the basis for propaganda, gives propaganda the means to operate, and generates the problems that propaganda exploits by pretending to offer solutions.

This book appears to be the first attempt to study propaganda from a sociological approach as well as a psychological one. In general, propaganda is a set of methods employed by an organized group that wants to bring about the active or passive participation in its actions of a mass of individuals, psychologically unified through psychological manipulations prlpagandes incorporated into an organization.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Cascade Books, Propaganda stresses the superiority of a democratic society while intensifying the prejudices between democratic and oppressive. Propaganda employs encirclement on the individual by trying to surround man by all possible routes, in the realm of feelings as well as ideas, by playing on his will or his needs through his conscious and his unconscious, and by assailing him in both his private and his public life.